Canada Immigration Programs: How to immigrate to Canada

With canada’s rich history of immigration, Canada is a well-known multicultural country, which respects the contributions and individuality of different cultures. Canada never stops seeking skilled and talented newcomers to support the development of the Canadian economy as it is a home to many immigrants from all over the world. Here are the Canada Immigration programs available to choose from in order to become a permanent resident of this beautiful country.

Canada has become the BEST place for new immigrants to succeed socially, and economically, and to live longer with excellent, national healthcare. Canada ranks among the “top wealthiest and top quality-of-life” countries in the world, according to OECD Better Life Index.

Today, Canada still attracts many newcomers because of :

  • natural beauty, wide-open spaces, mountains, trees, and lakes.
  • free society with fundamental human rights
  • political stability with excellent business
  • opportunities and a strong banking system
  • free trade with United-States and Mexico under NAFTA agreements
  • education system with an excellent international reputation of Canadian Universities
  • excellent healthcare system and generous network of social assistance programs
  • one of the nicest countries in the world with excellent business opportunities

As 2021 gets underway, foreign nationals will be able to come to Canada to seek permanent residence in five ways.

Canada immigration programs for permanent residence


Under the Express Entry system, Canada receives immigration applications online. Applicants who meet eligibility criteria submits an online profile known as an Expression of interest (EOI), under one of three federal immigration programs or a participating provincial immigration program, to the Express Entry Pool.

Candidates’ profiles then are ranked against each other according to a points-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The highest-ranked candidates will be considered for an ITA for permanent residence. Those receiving an ITA must quickly submit a full application and pay processing fees, within a delay of 90-days.


Under a shared jurisdiction between Ottawa and the provinces, Canada operates a two-tiered immigration system, offering programs for skilled workers, at both federal and provincial levels.

Through a network of Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP), almost all of Canada’s ten provinces and three territories can nominate skilled worker candidates for admission to Canada with the specific skills required by their local economies. Successful candidates who receive a provincial or territorial nomination can then apply for Canadian permanent residence through the federal immigration authorities.


Immigrant investors can also come to Canada under the Start-up Visa program which can grant them Canadian permanent residence.

The program aims to recruit innovative entrepreneurs to Canada and link them with the Canadian private sector businesses, such as angel investor groups, venture capital funds, angel investor groups or business incubators, and facilitate the establishment of their start-up business in Canada.

A designated venture capital fund must confirm that it is investing at least $200,000 into the qualifying business. Candidates can also qualify with two or more commitments from designated venture capital funds totalling $200,000. A designated angel investor group must invest at least $75,000 into the qualifying business.


International students can also eventually get their permanent residence in Canada by first coming under a Study Permit, then applying for a Post-graduation Work Permit, and finally seeking their permanent residents by applying through the Express Entry system.

Canada welcomes more than 350,000 international students every year. To be eligible to study in Canada these students must demonstrate that they:

  • have been accepted by a school, college, university or other educational institution in Canada
  • are in good health and willing to complete a medical examination
  • have enough money to pay for their tuition fees, living expenses, and return transportation
  • are law-abiding citizens with no criminal records

    can satisfy an immigration officer that they will leave Canada at the end of their authorized stays

Once issued a study permit, these students can work in Canada under the following categories:

  • on campus without a work permit
  • off campus with a work permit
  • in co-op and internship programs, where work experience is part of the curriculum, with a work permit.

Upon graduation, a foreign student may apply for a work permit under the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program. Under this program, the work permit may be issued for the length of the study program, up to a maximum of three years.


The valuable work experience gained while an international graduate works in Canada under a Post-Graduation Work Permit can count towards a permanent residence application through Canada Express Entry system.

Under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) used by Express Entry system programs, applicants for immigration are assigned points based on:

  • Skills
  • Work experience
  • Language ability and education of the applicant’s spouse or common law partner
  • Possession of a job offer supported by a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment
  • Possession of a provincial government nomination for permanent residence
  • Certain combinations of language skills, education and work experience that result in a higher chance of the applicant becoming employed (skill transferability).

Is it Easy to migrate to Canada?

With over 80 pathways of immigration, Canada has a range of options for all types of applicants. Moving to a new country requires some effort. Some immigration programs require higher qualifications and more documents than others. Using the services of a Canadian immigration lawyer can greatly assist in the immigration process from the beginning to the end.
Canadian immigration lawyers are the point of contact with the government for your application. They handle the submission of your application and advise you on the documents you need, the ones you might want to include, and the documents you should not provide.

Do I Need a Job Offer to Immigrate to Canada?

No. Majority of all Canadian permanent residents do not have a job offer in Canada when they apply. While some Canadian immigration programs require applicants to have a Canadian job offer, there are a range of programs and options available to foreign nationals without an offer of employment in Canada.

How much money do you need to migrate to Canada?

The necessary amount of funds you need to immigrate to Canada varies greatly. Some immigration programs do not require anything more than the processing fees for your application. Others require a substantial investment in Canada as explained in thy start-up visa program.

What are the Requirements to migrate to Canada?

The documents required for an immigration application depend on the program to which you are applying. For example, some immigration programs require Canadian experience and some do not require any at all. Documents that are likely to be required include:

  • identification/travel documents
  • educational records
  • proof of work experience
  • financial history

You have to determine which immigration program is best for you before knowing the required documents.

What is the Fastest Way to Immigrate to Canada?

The fastest method of immigrating to Canada is through Express Entry. Express Entry processes most applications in six months or less.

Age specification

There is no specific age limit requirement for any Canadian immigration program. That said, in most categories of economic immigration, applicants 25-35 receive the maximum points. That doesn’t mean older applicants cannot be selected. Having substantial work experience, high language proficiency, connections to Canada, and advanced education can easily offset any points lost for age in economic immigration.


The Canadian government understands the difficulty for newcomers/immigrants to adapt to a new country, to learn new cultures and languages.Therefore, the Government of Canada, Provincial Governments, and many public/private community organizations work together to provide assistance in such areas as language training, finding employment, education, finding a place to live and much more.

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