Guide on How to Start Chalk Production Business

The increasing numbers of public and private schools; primary and secondary; as well as universities and polytechnics springing up all over the country has made chalk business to be very lucrative as they make use of it everyday. You can start your chalk production business by reading this article as it enlightens you on how to start.


Chalk is a substance used for writing. It is composed of the mineral calcite originally formed deep under the sea by the compression of sub-microscopic plankton which had fallen to the sea floor.

Chalks are used in various sectors like education, construction, clothing, furniture, and many more. It is essential for writing on boards in schools. It has been in use since ancient times.

School chalk production is a simple business you can start at home. You don’t require much money if you can start on a manual production mode, with just yourself and a helper. In that case you need not to worry about electricity or generator until you decide to raise your production capacity using automated processes.

Guide on How to Start Chalk Production Business

How to Start The Business

Starting this business doesn’t require huge investment. In fact, you can start chalk production in your small room or within your compound. You don’t have to build a factory or buy huge machine equipment.

A chalk molding machine, packaging materials like polythene bags, branded cartoons, and two personnel. One for production and one for packaging, these are all you need to get started right away!

The Chalk production process itself is very simple and straight forward, everybody can do it successfully without any supervision, for this reason chalk production has been incorporated into the curriculum of almost every skills and acquisition centers all over Nigeria.

The major equipment you will need for chalk production is the chalk mold which is primary use for making the chalk to give it the characteristic shape, size and length.

Materials Needed  for School Chalk Production

  • The main chemical components for making chalk is a calcium carbonate a form of limestone, when it is mixed with water it forms a quick hardening paste. it is used in the art for sculpting and making casts, and for the medical use, it is used for making casts around a broken limbs.
  • Lubricants is another material for chalk production you can use vegetable oil or coconut oil mixed with kerosene it is used for lubricating the chalk mold to prevent the POP from sticking to it
  • Clean Water is very important in chalk production it is used to mix the ingredients together.
  • Ultramarine blue (optional) ultramarine is used to darken the mixtures if you are making colours, but if you are producing a white chalk you don’t need an ultramarine blue.

Machinery And Equipment Needed

Chalk Mold

This is the major equipment used for chalk Production it is either rubber or metal but it is usually with a wooden frame, but are chalk made of metal. The mold differ depending of the numbers of hole they have, some could have up to 240 holes or more.


Scrapper is used for scrapping the surface of the chalk mold

Paint Brush

Paint Brush is used to apply lubricants on the mold before filling it up with POP


Dryer is used to dry the chalk after it as been removed from the mold, the dryer is electrically operated and is mostly used in large scale production, but for small scale production using the sun is perfectly okay to save cost.

Hand Glove

Hand glove is used for protecting the hands during the mixture of water and POP

Packaging Materials

Packaging Materials is the nylon and branded y and box needed.

School Chalk Production Process

The process of producing school chalk is very simple and anyone can follow it. This process is ideal for small scale school chalk production business. You can set this up at home, within your backyard and be in business.

Step 1

Pour some POP into a bucket add water then use your hand to mix it until it forms a paste.

Step 2

Use the paint brush to lubricate the surface of the chalk mould properly. You can use cooking oil as lubricant, and together lubricate the POP, the stick, and the mold.

Step 3

Arrange the mold then turn the pasty mixture into the mold and allow it for 15- 20mins to solidify before loosening the mold.

Step 4

When you are sure that the mixture is formed, loose the mold and collect the chalk produced for sun drying or through  mechanical means.

Step 5

After sun drying for 2-3 days, pack the chalk into a branded carton packs and your school chalk is ready.


Education at all levels is a continuum. New schools are springing up every year. The demand for school chalk in Nigeria is therefore strong and growing.

The process of chalk production is simple and easy and the raw materials are always available. This is a business you can start at a small level and grow big subsequently.

I hope you found this article helpful enough to start your own chalk production business.


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