- 1 Who is a Lecturer?
- 2 Who Is a Professor?
- 3 Salaries of Lecturers and Professors in Nigeria
- 4 If you are looking to become a university professor, here is an overview of the process below.
- 4.1 Below is a summary of the job duties of the University Professor
- 4.2 Skills Needed to Become a University Professor
- 4.3 Attributes of a Professor
- 4.4 There are 4 major titles for a Professor which are classified below. Their criteria have also been included.
- 4.5 Related
Teaching job can be stressful as it requires passion, effort, sacrifice and discipline. Here is a breakdown of the salaries scale of Lecturers and professors in Nigeria.
Who is a Lecturer?
Lecturer is an academic rank within many universities, though the meaning of the term varies somewhat from country to country. It generally denotes an academic expert who is hired to teach on a full- or part-time basis. They may also conduct research.
Universities hire lecturers based on their careers, which they continue to pursue despite teaching in a university. This means that few (or barely any) lecturers are ever full-time teachers in the university. Their teaching hours vary depending on their schedule, which means they are part-time lecturers and get paid less than those who teach full-time.
Who Is a Professor?
A professor is someone who teaches undergraduates and post-graduates in any higher institution. However, a professor teaches students within their field of academic which they have been studying for many years. Because their career is linked to the university and they don’t have jobs outside the institution, it’s required that they have a Master’s or Ph.D. in their field.
Most professors work full-time in the university; newer professors will be monitored for their performance, while older professors who have proven their skill in their field may be given tenure. Also, aside from teaching, professors have the job of doing research in their field that can further their specialization and publish their findings in academic journals.
Difference Between Lecturer and Professor
Professors must have a Master’s Degree, Ph.D., or any degree related to their field higher than a college diploma. A professor can be a part-time professor if they are still working on their Ph.D. and need time to work on their diploma. Afterward, they can become full-time professors and focus on both teaching and research.
Lecturers, however, have a more flexible educational requirement. Since they have careers in their field outside of the academy, they have their experience to share with their students. So, in a way, their lectures are based on more applied studies rather than concepts written in books. While most lecturers go on to have a Master’s degree, some lecturers show exceptional talent and skill even with just a college diploma. Universities can make exceptions for them, so they can go on to be a lecturer without needing further studies.
Salaries of Lecturers and Professors in Nigeria
The average salary of a lecturer II is between N1,649,509 and N1,979,640 annually
Lecturer I is paid N2,079,996 to N2,684,010 per annum.
A senior lecturer earns N3,091,505 to N4,455,506 per annum
Reader earns N3,768,221 to N5,004,750 yearly.
The salary of a professor falls between N4,580,349 – N6,020,163 yearly.
This salary applies to state and Federal Government institutions. Private universities pays more than government institutions.
Additionally, the salary levels can vary considerably for university professors, depending on different factors, such as their personal qualifications, academic qualifications, administrative responsibilities of the job, and the specific faculty and university they work for.
Professors also earn money from their sabbatical leave which enables them to do per time contract jobs with other universities.
If you are looking to become a university professor, here is an overview of the process below.
- First, you have to be highly dedicated in your chosen field of academics and show high levels of academic achievement at all levels.
- Typically, you need to have a doctoral degree in a chosen field, which generally takes students 6 years of full-time study upon the completion of a bachelor’s degree program. Some universities or faculties within some universities may make exceptions to this, as they may hire those who have a master’s degree or hire doctoral degree candidates. This is more common among associate and assistant level professors.
- University professors who teach in professional faculties, such as law, may not be required to have a doctoral level education. Instead, schools may seek professors who have experience or certification in the field they wish to teach.
- The job description of the University Professor involves preparing course materials and teaching courses to undergraduate and graduate students of degree-granting institutions. Professors may also teach courses in lecture, seminar, laboratory or field study formats.
Additionally, university professors may also conduct research related to their field of expertise.
Below is a summary of the job duties of the University Professor
- Assign, review and evaluate coursework and examinations
- Conduct research in the field of specialization and publish findings in scholarly journals or books
- Direct research programs of graduate students
- May act as a consultant to government agencies, private individuals, industry, and other organizations
- May conduct laboratory or field study sessions
- Prepare course materials
- Teach one or more courses to undergraduate and graduate students
Skills Needed to Become a University Professor
In order to become effective in a professor career and perform your duties with competence, you need to possess certain skills. These skills are typically acquired as a result of years of study in a chosen field, as well as work experience as a student teaching assistant.
- High level of knowledge in the area of instruction and/or research
- Excellent verbal communication skills, both for lecturing and communicating with colleagues
- Excellent writing skills, for publishing research and analysis
- Excellent organizational and time management skills
- An aptitude for research
- Able to effectively evaluate student progress
Attributes of a Professor
Generally, not every professor becomes very successful. There are professors that are just average in their field. If you would like to become a highly successful professor, there are some traits you should possess, some of which are highlighted below:
- High level of enthusiasm for the chosen academic field
- Enjoy motivating and inspiring students
- Enjoy sharing information with others
- Enough self-confidence to present information in front of large groups of students
- A commitment to continuous professional development
- Enjoy compiling information and preparing lecture materials
- Enjoy challenging existing theories or beliefs
Also, it is never too early to prepare for life as a professor even if you are an undergraduate student. One of the first steps to take is to choose a course of study that you love. It won’t be well said if you want to be a Professor in a particular field of study and you’re studying something that is not related
Additionally, you will need to gain relevant career experience by working as a graduate teaching assistant while you are a graduate student. Typically students working as graduate teaching assistants do so in the school in which they are enrolled as a graduate student.
It is important to have relevant career experience because academic positions are highly competitive, and many universities prefer to hire professors who have teaching experience.
You can also speak to your professors about your career ambitions.
There are 4 major titles for a Professor which are classified below. Their criteria have also been included.
Typically, instructors hold a minimum of a Master’s degree or equivalent. In addition, they must have completed most or all of the requirements for the doctorate or equivalent, and they are expected to demonstrate effectiveness as a university teacher.
2. Assistant Professor
Generally, an assistant professor has earned a doctoral or professional degree (such as a law degree) or equivalent. They must also demonstrate a commitment to teaching and scholarly or professional work of high calibre. Associate professors are expected to participate in university affairs at least at the department level.
3. Associate Professor
The difference between an associate professor and an assistant professor is that the associate must also have a national reputation as a scholar or professional. They are also expected to demonstrate public, professional, or university service outside aside from their departmental responsibilities.
Professors must typically meet the requirements for appointment as an associate professor. In addition, they must have a distinguished record of accomplishment that leads to an international or, as appropriate, national reputation in their field of expertise.